Central universities in India

Central universities or union universities in India are established by an Act of Parliament and are under the purview of the Department of Higher Education in the Union Human Resource Development Ministry. In general, universities in India are recognised by the University Grants Commission (UGC), which draws its power from the University Grants Commission Act, 1956. In addition, 15 Professional Councils are established, controlling different aspects of accreditation and coordination. Central universities, in addition, are covered by the Central Universities Act, 2009, which regulates their purpose, powers governance etc., and established 12 new universities. The list of central universities published by the UGC includes 47 central universities as of 6 September 2016.

The types of universities controlled by the UGC include:

  • State universities are run by the state government of each of the states and territories of India, and are usually established by a local legislative assembly act.
  • Deemed university, or “Deemed-to-be-University”, is a status of autonomy granted by the Department of Higher Education on the advice of the UGC, under Section 3 of UGC Act, 1956.
  • Private universities are approved by the UGC. They can grant degrees but they are not allowed to have off-campus affiliated colleges.

Apart from the above universities, other institutions are granted the permission to autonomously award degrees. These institutes do not affiliate colleges and are not officially called “universities” but “autonomous organisations” or “autonomous institutes”. They fall under the administrative control of the Department of Higher Education. These organisations include the Indian Institutes of Technology, the National Institutes of Technology, the Indian Institutes of Science Education and Research, the Indian Institutes of Engineering Science and Technology, the Indian Institutes of Management (though these award diplomas, not degrees), the National Law Schools, the All India Institute of Medical Sciences, and other autonomous institutes.

Universities by state

The regions with the most central universities in India are Delhi (namely University of Delhi, Jamia Millia Islamia, Jawaharlal Nehru University, IGNOU, South Asian University) and Uttar Pradesh also with five central universities namely BHU, AMU, Allahabad University, BBAU, Rajiv Gandhi National Aviation University. There are central universities in all of the states of India except Goa and Andhra Pradesh. Of the union territories, there are central universities in Delhi and Puducherry.

Main building of the University of Delhi

The University of Delhi is one of the five central universities in Delhi.

Central universities by state
and union territory
State / Union Territory Central
Andhra Pradesh 0
Arunachal Pradesh 1
Assam 2
Bihar 3
Chhattisgarh 1
Delhi 5
Goa 0
Gujarat 1
Haryana 1
Himachal Pradesh 1
Jammu and Kashmir 2
Jharkhand 1
Karnataka 1
Kerala 1
Madhya Pradesh 2
Maharashtra 1
Manipur 2
Meghalaya 1
Mizoram 1
Nagaland 1
Odisha 1
Puducherry 1
Punjab 1
Rajasthan 1
Sikkim 1
Tamil Nadu 2
Telangana 3
Tripura 1
Uttar Pradesh 5
Uttarakhand 1
West Bengal 1
Total 46

List of central universities in India

Renovated gate of Tezpur University

Renovated gate of Tezpur University, a central university established in 1994

Main gate of the Banaras Hindu University.

refer to caption.

Strachey Hall and the university mosque at Aligarh Muslim University, one of the four central universities in Uttar Pradesh

Central universities of India
S. No University State Location Established Specialization
1. Rajiv Gandhi University Arunachal Pradesh Itanagar 1985 (2007dagger) General
2. Assam University Assam Silchar 1994 General
3. Tezpur University Assam Tezpur 1994 General
4. Central University of South Bihar Bihar Gaya 2009 General
5. Mahatma Gandhi Central University Bihar Motihari 2016 General
6. Nalanda University Bihar Rajgir, Nalanda 2010 * General
7. Guru Ghasidas University Chhattisgarh Bilaspur 1983 (2009dagger) General
8. Indira Gandhi National Open University Delhi New Delhi 1985 Distance education
9. Jamia Millia Islamia Delhi New Delhi 1920 (1988dagger) General
10. Jawaharlal Nehru University Delhi New Delhi 1969 General
11. South Asian University Delhi New Delhi 2010 * International
12. University of Delhi Delhi New Delhi 1922 General
13. Central University of Gujarat# Gujarat Gandhinagar 2009 General
14. Central University of Haryana# Haryana Mahendragarh 2009 General
15. Central University of Himachal Pradesh# Himachal Pradesh Dharamsala 2009 General
16. Central University of Jammu# Jammu and Kashmir Jammu 2011 General
17. Central University of Kashmir# Jammu and Kashmir Srinagar 2009 General
18. Central University of Jharkhand# Jharkhand Ranchi 2009 General
19. Central University of Karnataka# Karnataka Gulbarga 2009 General
20. Central University of Kerala# Kerala Kasaragod 2009 General
21. Dr. Hari Singh Gour University Madhya Pradesh Sagar 1946 (2009dagger) General
22. Indira Gandhi National Tribal University Madhya Pradesh Amarkantak 2007 General
23. Mahatma Gandhi Antarrashtriya Hindi Vishwavidyalaya Maharashtra Wardha 1997 Hindi
24. Central Agricultural University Manipur Imphal 1993 Agriculture
25. Manipur University Manipur Imphal 1980 (2005dagger) General
26. North Eastern Hill University Meghalaya Shillong 1973 General
27. Mizoram University Mizoram Aizawl 2000 General
28. Nagaland University Nagaland Lumami 1994 General
29. Central University of Orissa# Odisha Koraput 2009 General
30. Pondicherry University Puducherry Pondicherry 1985 General
31. Central University of Punjab# Punjab Bathinda 2009 General
32. Central University of Rajasthan# Rajasthan Ajmer 2009 General
33. Sikkim University Sikkim Gangtok 2007 General
34. Central University of Tamil Nadu# Tamil Nadu Tiruvarur 2009 General
35. Indian Maritime University Tamil Nadu Chennai 2008 Marine science
36. English and Foreign Languages University Telangana[49] Hyderabad 1958 (2007dagger) English and Foreign languages
37. Maulana Azad National Urdu University Telangana[49] Hyderabad 1998 Urdu
38. University of Hyderabad Telangana[49] Hyderabad 1974 General
39. Tripura University Tripura Agartala 1987 General
40. Aligarh Muslim University Uttar Pradesh Aligarh 1920 General
41. University of Allahabad Uttar Pradesh Allahabad 1887 General
42. Babasaheb Bhimrao Ambedkar University Uttar Pradesh Lucknow 1996 General
43. Banaras Hindu University Uttar Pradesh Varanasi 1916 General
44. Rajiv Gandhi National Aviation University Uttar Pradesh Raebareli 2013 Aviation Science
45. Hemwati Nandan Bahuguna Garhwal University Uttarakhand Srinagar 1973 (2009dagger) General
46. Visva-Bharati University West Bengal Santiniketan 1921 General

dagger Granted central university status

# Established by the Central Universities Act, 2009

* Established under Central Act: South Asian University Act, 2008 and Nalanda University Act, 2010

Directly funded by Government of India and not by UGC

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