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Founded in 1974, Bidhan Chandra Krishi Vishwavidyalaya (Bidhan Chandra Agricultural University) is a non-profit public higher education institution located in the the rural setting of the large city of Nadia (population range of 1,000,000-5,000,000 inhabitants), West Bengal. Officially accredited/recognized by the University Grants Commission, India, Bidhan Chandra Krishi Vishwavidyalaya (BCKV) is a coeducational higher education institution. Bidhan Chandra Krishi Vishwavidyalaya (BCKV) offers courses and programs leading to officially recognized higher education degrees such as bachelor degrees in several areas of study. BCKV also provides several academic and non-academic facilities and services to students including a library, as well as administrative services.
The chancellor is the Governor of West Bengal. The vice-chancellor as the chief executive of the University is supported by the registrar in administration, comptroller in financial management, deans of academic activities of the faculties, and directors for management of research and extension activities in agriculture, horticulture, and agricultural engineering. The vice-chancellor’s secretariat is staffed with a secretary to the vice-chancellor, one superintendent, two clerical assistants. and seven office attendants are a supportive unit in functioning the office.
Faculty of Agriculture
The Faculty of Agriculture consisted of 17 departments, which has recently been reduced to 16 by merging two departments into one, all with specializations in teaching, research and extension for the development of agriculture in this state. One hundred students are admitted each year in the undergraduate courses on the basis of their performance at higher secondary (10+2) level. Apart from the general agricultural subjects, during their final year the students undertake specialized subjects along with a job-oriented course in the 7th semester as a module, and they undergo the training named ‘Rural Agricultural Work Experience’ (RAWE) during the 8th semester.
The departments of this faculty are:
Faculty of Horticulture
The Faculty of Horticulture was established in 1996. The objective of creation of the faculty was to initiate education and training in horticulture, to conduct need-based research for the development of horticulture in West Bengal, and to disseminate the technology for growing horticultural crops and post harvest management of produce.
Initially the faculty functioned with very limited space in the Faculty of Agriculture. Now it is housed in the newly constructed faculty building at Mohanpur. The instructional facilities include one horticultural farm at Mondouri and one nursery at Jagulia. The UG classes are held at Jagulia where a small instructional farm is maintained. The 150-acre farm at Mondouri that is the Horticultural Research Station provides facilities for practical and project works of M.Sc. and Ph.D. students for all the departments under this faculty.
There are five departments in this faculty:
- Department of Floriculture & Landscaping
- Department of Fruits & Orchard Management
- Department of Post Harvest Technology
- Department of Spices & Plantation Crops
- Department of Vegetable Crops
Faculty of Agricultural Engineering
With the advancement of technology related to agricultural inputs coupled with the equipment and energy sources for their application, it has become essential to optimize these to increase production and conserve natural resources. Agricultural engineers today are required to provide technology for increasing crop production and for reducing post harvest losses and value additions through processing of produce. Increasing export opportunity in agricultural and allied industrial sector, besides diversification has put additional demand on agricultural engineering education to meet the growing requirement of food feed and fiber through efficient management of costly inputs. In the matter of this kind of improvement, agricultural engineering plays a very great role in further development of food productivity, agro-based industries, post-harvesting, food processing, soil and water engineering, irrigation and drainage, etc., through software-based latest technologies.
With the advancement of agriculture, gricultural engineering education has been gradually developed and taken shape through inclusion of theoretical as well as practical courses in multi-directional fields of Soil & Water Engineering, Irrigation and Drainage Engineering, Land and Water Resource Development and Management, Rural Engineering, Aqua-cultural Engineering, Farm Development and Management, Marketing, Marketing and Sales, Computer Applications, etc.
There are four departments in this faculty:
- Department of Farm Machinery & Power
- Department of Soil and Water Engineering
- Department of Post Harvest Engineering
- Department of Food Engineering
M.Tech and Ph.D programmes are available in Department of Farm Machinery & Power, Department of Soil and Water Engineering and Department of Food Engineering.
Directorate of Research
The Directorate of Research at Kalyani is the coordinating–monitoring headquarters of the research stations, sub-stations, units, sub-units and projects spread over the jurisdiction of the viswavidyalaya. A substantial number of research projects under programmes and funding modes operate on farmers’ fields (on-farm trials, FLD trials) at three major agro-climatic regions of the state and at other zones across West Bengal. Several experiments are conducted in a scientist–farmer participatory manner.
Directorate of Extension Education
The Directorate of Extension Education, in the Bidhan Chandra Krishi Viswavidyalaya, was created in 1994 through upgrading the Field Extension Wing, which took care of mainly the farm advisory services among a few villages surrounding the headquarters campus of the Viswavidyalaya. The upgrade attempt, though initiated late, was made in line with the mandate of the SAUs to organize “first line extension” activities to complement their research and education role, as well as to strengthen the efforts of the state extension machinery towards transferring proven and tested technological options for increased production and productivity. However, the manpower, as well as the infrastructure, corresponding to the enlargement of the mandated roles and responsibilities assumed by the directorate, consequent to its upgrade, continued to remain inadequate.
The roles and responsibilities of the Directorate of Extension Education were enlarged to accommodate the recommendations of the Randhawa Committee (1978) and the National Commission on Agriculture (1976). These recommendations, inter-alta, suggested a complementary role for the education and research for organizing the extension functions through the following sets of interrelated activities:
- Technology Refinement and Upgradation
- Technology Integration
- Publication, Demonstration & Information Assistance
- Participatory Techniques for Research and Extension
- Training Module Development
- Capacity Building
Directorate of Farms
The Directorate of Farms functions in the realm of agricultural research, education, and extension. The directorate has 1340.6 acres of land distributed in 12 farms. Its activities are listed below:
- Support to research activities of AICRPs/AINPs and dissertation work of students.
- Quality seed production. It was responsible for the production and distribution of 236 tonne quality seeds (Foundation/Certified/TL) of paddy, wheat, oilseeds and pulses during 2006-07 crop seasons of West Bengal.
- Supervises production of planting materials of mango, cashew, ber and sweet orange at the RRS, Red & Laterite Zone, Jhargram, Paschim Medinipur, West Bengal.
- Maintenance of eco-friendly farms (6.00 ha) as well as one field conservatory of germplasms of non-conventional crops (like vanilla, pepper, ekangi, spices and medicinal crops, etc.) at the RRS, New Alluvial Zone, Gayeshpur, Nadia, West Bengal.
- Monitoring of an experimental tea garden yielding good quality leaves at the RRS, New Alluvial Zone, Gayeshpur, Nadia, West Bengal.
The university is proud of its library system which was inaugurated in 1980 comprises only the Central Library at Mohanpur, Main campus. It is housed in a four storied building encompassing 5575 sq. m. floor space with a plan area of 7242 sq. m. having a good architectural beauty. To facilitate the teaching, research, and extension activities of an agriculture university, the library plays a pivotal role. The library has been striving to meet user demands by rendering services through manual and IT-based systems.
- Lending counter
- Book Bank
- References & Referrals
- CD-ROM Service
- On the spot XEROX & Computer Print-out facility
- High speed Internet facility
- Online Public Access Catalogue (OPAC)
- Membership to the teachers, students, research scholars, officers, non-teaching employees of the viswavidyalaya
A fully equipped and proficient placement centre is being housed in the campus for the convenience of our graduating students. This year-round placement activity involves students in interactive counseling sessions with members of the placement cell to ensure their gainful placement in jobs before they leave the university.
Being a student of this prestigious university is mostly respected among the local people as well as other agriculture concerned personalities all over the state. Student life is pleasing but it is equally challenging in study and discipline due to the vast syllabus and the strict rules and regulations. The students are known as “BCKVians” in general.
The student circle of this university is mainly hostel oriented, with very few students from nearby Haringhata, Kanchrapara & Kalyani each year of UG and PG, called Dayscholars. The majority of students as Hostellers belong to the different parts of the state, the country, even international students. There are several hostels according to criteria for accommodation inside the university campus.
- Sir CV Raman Hall (UG Men’s Hostel)
- Sir JC Bose Hall (UG Men’s Hostel)
- Vidyasagar Hall (PG Men’s Hostel)
- Rabindra Abas (PG Men’s Hostel)
- Ladies’ Hostel I
- Ladies’ Hostel V
- International Students’ Hostel
All the hostels have good study environments along with dining halls and common rooms featuring carrom boards, table tennis, magazines and newspapers, widescreen LCD TVs etc. for leisure hours. The hostels are being planned WiFi or Broadband connections for students.
The university has a well planned campus of magnificent aesthetics. It features well distributed greenery of decorative, educational and medicinal importance, has its own Medicinal & Aromatic Plants’ Garden between the main building of the Faculty of Agriculture & the way to the Central Library.
All the faculty buildings, special purpose isolated laboratories, workshops and hostels are well connected through roads and at the center lies the Administrative Building. Each hostel is no more than a five-minute walk from the center area of the campus.
The campus is shared with the Faculty of Dairy Technology, West Bengal University of Animal & Fishery Sciences and the Indian Institute of Science Education and Research, Kolkata (IISER-K). A beautiful foot-bridge over a lake connects the IISER-K campus with the BCKV main campus. Several gates are available to enter into the main campus, shared IISER-K campus, hostels, Jagulia farm or Mondouri Teaching Farm as need basis. The campus houses a cafeteria, several canteens, a health centre, XEROX centers and a book shop.
The nearest railway station is Kanchrapara, roughly 8 km from the main campus connecting Sealdah and Howrah. The NH-34 passes within 1 km from it, connecting 50 km away Kolkata by road.