M.S. General Surgery or Master of Surgery in General Surgery is a postgraduate Surgery course. Surgery is a branch of medical science that treats disease or injury by operative procedures. General Surgery is a subfield of Surgery which deals with the surgical treatment of abdominal organs, e.g. intestines inclusive esophagus, stomach, colon, liver and furthermore of the thyroid gland and hernia. Though the course has been termed as ‘General Surgery’, it is not as much a General as one would expect as it involves surgical procedure involving including appendicitis, hernias, gallbladder surgeries, stomach and intestinal issues. As it mostly involves the skill and ability to care for many different surgical problems, it is often referred as ‘Jacks of all Trades’ amongst the medical community. The duration of Masters in General Surgery Course is 3 years, imparted in 6 Semesters, including the period of examination. If a student has completed a recognized Two Year Postgraduate Diploma Course in the same subject, the period of training, including the period of examination, shall be 2 years. The candidates must qualify in the Examinations within 5 Years of the date of his/her admission. However, a candidate may be permitted to undergo a further period of study and training of minimum 6 months duration in a recognized Post-Graduate Department in the specialty of an Institution approved by Medical Council of India for every subsequent appearance up to a maximum of 2 Appearances.
The candidates will not be, however, permitted to appear for more than 7 attempts in the final examination and shall be discharged from the course if he/she fails to fulfill this provision. The candidates joining M.D/M.S./M.D.S. degree courses are called Junior Residents in the Clinical Disciplines and Junior Demonstrators in Basic Clinical Disciplines. Surgical residents are trained in the principles of surgery and actually operate under supervision. Master of Surgery provides a Doctor qualification in surgery. Upon successful completion of the course, doctors become certified Surgeon. The course is not available under Distance Education mode as it is practical based. The Medical Council of India (MCI) is a statutory body with the responsibility of establishing and maintaining high standards of medical education and recognition of medical qualifications in India. It registers doctors to practice in India.
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M.S. (General Surgery) can be pursued by those candidates who have completed M.B.B.S./B.D.S. from the colleges recognized by Medical Council/Dental Council of India and should have completed an internship. The candidate should have obtained full registration either from MCI or any of the state council.
As per the regulations of statutory bodies, as laid out in Post-Graduate regulations 2000 of Medical Council of India, the minimum percentage of marks in the entrance test for eligibility for admission to Post-Graduate courses shall be 50 % for all candidates and for SC, ST, category-I & OBC the eligibility will be 40%.
Most state government-affiliated programs at the M.S. level accept 50% of students based on the national examination and 50% based on state examinations.
In addition, 50% of positions are also reserved in most states for physicians belonging to the economically underprivileged segments of Indian society as specified in the Indian Constitution.
The foreign nationals are required to send their applications routed through Diplomatic Channels. They are also required to appear in the Competitive Entrance Examination along with other regular candidates. Some Institutes will only conduct admission on the basis of qualifying examination marks.
The foreign nationals will be considered against the seats advertised under the ‘Sponsored’ category.
Candidates who are sensitive towards the health needs of the community go for this Course. M.S. degree is meant for those who have a penchant for surgical and related procedures. Doctors who feel that they can serve the humanity better by fixing someone’s fracture or removing tumors etc. are perfectly suited for this type of medical course.
History of Surgery:
Surgery(cheirourgia, from greek “cheir” which means hands and “ergon” means work) is the branch of medicine which deals with the physical manipulation of the bodily structure to diagnose, prevent and treat an ailment. Surgery dates back to 5th and 6th century when human civilisations were developing and evolving. In India, Sushruta is considered to be the “father of surgery” and is the most celebrated person in the history of medicine and surgery, his treatise namely “sushruta samhita” which is written in sanskrit in 600 BCE includes the techniques of general surgery, palstic surgery, dentistry, bones, fractures and cataract surgery whereas in western civilisations some Asian tribes, Maasai tribe used their own ways of treating wounds and ailments present at that time. Some of the techniques used for treating diseases and ailments were trepanation, bloodletting, anesthesia and setting bones.
The Egyptians used antiseptics like honey, wine and wilow barks to stop the infection from spreading. Greeks and the Romans also used the same techniques to heal wounds and infections. During the stone age some of the people survived the head surgeries for relief from the head pressure but in the early stages surgeries were awful, life threatening and mostly untreatable after making punctures but some of them grew back the bone and survived the surgeries. Earlier, surgeries were limited to infections, wounds and bone fractures but as time passed by centuries after centuries techniques and art of surgery evolved and developed taking it to the levels we are in the present scenario, the modern medicine and surgery with every kind of possibility but at the same time with more diseases and ailments to treat for the wellness of the mankind and the human race.
Advantages/Benefits of M.S:
A candidate who aspires to treat the mankind with art of surgery should opt for this course. This course is meant for those people who want to have a better understanding in the field of their specialisation. A Surgeon is eligible to work in an hospital and gains popularity with more experience and handling critical cases with ease. A candidate can pursue further studies after the completion of the course. A Surgeon can earn more money than a medicine practitioner or a physician with major and critical cases. It also provides the deeper understanding of the field of specialisation on the basis of medicine. One has to go through a lot of vigorous practice and train themselves under the senior doctors and surgeons to gain experience.
- AIIMS Postgradution entrance exam
- BHU Postgraduation entrance exam
- Annamalai University PG-Medical entrance exam
- CMC Vellore
- COMEDK PGET
- Gujarat University PG-Medical entrance exam
- JIPMER PG-Medical entrance exam
- UP PGMEE
Top Colleges for M.S:
- AIIMS, Delhi
- Tamil Nadu Dr. M.G.R. Medical University,Chennai
- CMC, Vellore
- Sri Ramachandra University, Chennai
- AFMC, Pune
- Government Medical College and Hospital, Chandigarh
- Madras Medical College, Chennai