LLb- Bachelor of Laws : Overview, Eligibility, courses , Admission Procedure

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Overview :

L.L.B. or Bachelor of Legislative Law is an undergraduate Law course. The law is a set of categorized rules and regulations under which any society or country is governed. Just like its post-graduate counterpart i.e. LL.M., the course is unconventionally abbreviated as L.L.B. The course is also offered as B.L. (Bachelor of Law) in a certain institute or certain regions, example N.V.P. Law College. Bachelor of Law is a 3-year course. The course arrangement is divided into 6 semesters. On completion of the 3 Year Course, i.e., after the 6th semester, the LL.B. degree is awarded. Students who desire to study the law, but do not wish to practice as advocates are eligible for the LL.B. (General) Degree, at the end of the 2nd year i.e. after the 4th semester. In most of the Law Schools, the course should be completed within 6 Years which is the maximum time period to finish the course. The legal education apex body in India is the Bar Council of India. This Bar Council monitors and regulates the system of legal education in India. Before 1984, the Course was of 3 years duration only. However, upon the suggestion by the Law Commission of India and the Bar Council of India Specialized Law Universities solely devoted to legal education were established. These provided a multi-disciplinary and integrated approach to legal education.

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Thus, there are 2 options for Legal Courses – 3 years L.L.B. course for Graduates and 5-year course for Under Graduates. The 5-year course degree with B.A. L.L.B. (Hons.) degree is obtained by students who complete the integrated degree course. Other degrees in law offered are B.Sc., LLB and B.B.A, L.L.B after 5 years of study in Law Colleges. Both the types of degrees – 3 years and 5-year Integrated Honours are recognized and are also qualifying degrees for the practice of the legal profession in India. All fresh law graduates or those who have already cleared their law graduation but have not yet enrolled with the bar council must clear a bar examination (All India Bar Examination) to be entitled to practice before courts or tribunals in India. The process of enrollment confers a license to the holder to practice before any court in India and give legal advice. The entire procedure of enrolment and post-enrolment professional conduct is regulated and supervised by the Bar Council of India. L.L.B. Law degree qualifies a student to become Lawyer or work in a Legal Department. Bachelor of Law Degree Instruction material includes Seminars, Tutorial Work, Moot Courts and Practical Training Programs. Bachelor of Law Distance Education Courses is something of Contentious in nature and as such its availability and recognition are dubious.


Eligibility

  • The basic eligibility criteria for L.L.B.is candidates should have completed 10+2 or graduation in any subject.
  • There are two kinds of law degree i.e. BA LLB Hons. is of 5years and BA LLB is of 3years.
  • Some Universities demand minimum criterion before securing admission. Usually, 50-55% is required to qualify; it also varies from college to college.
  • Admissions are done either on the basis of marks in qualifying degree or through some entrance test.
  •  Graduates from any field can elect LLB course. The course is divided into six semesters in most of the law universities.

Admission Procedure for BA L.L.B:

Admission is mostly open to all and to candidates who have chosen Arts and social sciences as a subject during 12th standard. Along with each college will have minimum cut-offs. Candidates who fulfill those criteria’s can apply. Preference is given to those candidates with a higher score. Universities conduct entrance exams and selection is based on an aggregate of 12th marks and entrance exam. Candidates will need to purchase the forms from the college office also few colleges will provide admission forms online. These will be available generally in the month of June and July. They will first need to make a payment for application form and prospectus. Go through the instructions meticulously and then fill the form. Always make sure to keep the copy or else at least note the application form number. Candidates have to make sure they have the following documents with them during the Admission process.

  • Passport size photograph according to requirement of college
  • Education qualification i.e 10thand 12th board certificates
  • School Leaving Certificate
  • Extra-curriculum Certificates
  • Domicile Certificate
  • Candidates with Certificate of Caste i.e. SC/ST can apply. Even those from OBC category can apply.
  • Physical Disability certificate should be authorized by the Medical Officer.

 Advantages/Benefits of BA L.L.B:

  • BA L.L.B provides candidates a better understanding and position to handle the legal and litigation works of different companies.
  • Candidates would get an opportunity to work alongside with senior advocates, representing the company in front of the court, drafting of different legal documents.
  • BA L.L.Bdegree serves as a basis for further higher studies in this field such as L.L.M, PhD, and M.Phil.
  • After successfully completing BA L.L.Bdegree course, many job opportunities open up in various fields and companies.

 Specialization in Law field

  • Property Law
  • Human Rights
  • Labour Law
  • Civil & Private Law
  • Patent & Intellectual Property Law
  • Environmental Law
  • International Law
  • Business Law
  • Public Law

 Skills acquired via BA L.L.B

  • Excellent oral and written communication skills
  • Intellectual ability
  • Capability to assimilate and analyze facts quickly
  • Self-confidence is improved
  • Good communication and presentation skills
  • Physical and mental capability to cope with the long hours of work and work-related pressure.
  • Valor to deal with threats and to manage once emotional state in stress.
  • Informed knowledge on any updating of law
  • A skill of fair amount of reading is also developed.

 Top Colleges for BA L.L.B:


Entrance Exams for BA L.L.B:

Enrollment in the BA L.L.B  degree course necessitates qualifying the entrance examination conducted by the different institutes located all over the country. Here is a list of the important examinations candidates should know about

  • CLAT-Common Law Entrance Test is conducted by National Law Universities for admissions to LLB courses.
  • LSAT-Law School Admission Test is an entrance exam and many universities consider its score for admission in Law.
  • AILET-All India Law Entrance Test is conducted by National Law University of Delhi
  • LAWCET-Law Common Entrance Test is conducted by Colleges and Universities in Andhra  Pradesh for admission to LLB programs.
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