The All India Pre-Medical test/ Pre-Dental Entrance Test (AIPMT now replaced by NEET-UG) was an annual medical entrance examination in India. The exam was conducted by the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE), Delhi for admission to MBBS and BDS courses in several medical colleges across the country. 15% of the total seats in all medical and dental colleges run by the Union of India, state governments, municipal or other local authorities in India, except in the states of Andhra Pradesh, Telangana and Jammu and Kashmir, were reserved for candidates who qualified this examination.
The primary aim of this test, which was standardized all over India, was to make medical education available on an equitable basis to all regions of the nation and to foster inter-regional exchange. Until 2006, the AIPMT was unusual as it was one of the few all-India competitive examinations (along with the examinations for the defense services) based completely on merit and without any reservations. However, from 2006, under pressure from the Human Resources ministry headed by Arjun Singh, reservation for SC, ST and OBC has also been introduced in AIPMT.
Every Year AIPMT was conducted on first Sunday in the month of May.
In 2016, AIPMT/NEET Phase-1 was conducted on 1 May 2016 and NEET Phase-2 was conducted on 24 July 2016.
In 2010, the pattern of AIPMT was changed. The examination was replaced by a Two tier or Two stage test – The AIPMT Prelims and the AIPMT Mains,in which the AIPMT Prelims was used to be objective exam and AIPMT Mains was used to be sujective exam. The candidates who could qualify the AIPMT Prelims were eligible to give the AIPMT Mains test. Finally, those who scored good in the AIPMT Mains were selected for admission based purely on the merit of the candidate in the AIPMT Mains. Admission was done rank-wise
In 2013, the pattern changed again – The Two tier examination was replaced by the National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET-UG). It was a nationwide test through which admissions were to be done for all seats of MBBS and BDS in all the colleges which were covered by previous exam.
From 2014 onwards, the Exam was named as AIPMT again, and is done for 15% seats only, as was done earlier to National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET-UG). See current exam pattern below for more details.
Current exam pattern
The exam was conducted in a single stage that usually occurred on the first Sunday of May. The examination consisted of one paper containing 180 objective type questions from Physics, Chemistry and Biology (Botany & Zoology), having 45 questions from each subject. The exam duration was 3 hours. Each question carried 4 marks. For each incorrect response, one mark used to be deducted from the total score. However, no deduction from the total score was made if no response was indicated for an item. Indication of more than one answer for a question was deemed an incorrect response and negatively marked.
AIPMT registration over time
The approximate number of registrations in the past two years are shown by the following graph:
|Year||Approximate number of registrations|
Number of Candidates for AIPMT over time
The approximate number of candidates appearing in the past two years are shown by the following graph:
|Year||Approximate number of candidates|
AIPMT participating states and institutions
In 2015, 9 states and 4 medical institutions participated in AIPMT for filling their MBBS and BDS seats. The list of AIPMT 2015 participating states and institutions are:
- Andaman & Nicobar
- Arunachal Pradesh
- Himachal Pradesh
- Madhya Pradesh
In 2016, 8 states were initially participating in AIPMT but later AIPMT was converted into NEET-UG by the Supreme Court.Subsequently many other states opted for the test.Bihar,Uttarakhand later opted for the test to fill their state seats in medical colleges.
- Himachal Pradesh
- Madhya Pradesh
- Meghalaya (subject to confirmation)
- Chandigarh (UT)
- Armed Force Medical Services (Armed Forces Medical College (India))
- Banaras Hindu University
- Jamia Hamdard University
- University of Delhi
- (a) 15% seats are reserved for SC candidates,
- (b) 8% seats are reserved for ST candidates,
- (c) 27% seats are reserved for non-creamy layer OBC candidates
AIPMT is criticized for being conducted only in English and Hindi, making it harder for students where vernacular languages such as Tamil, Telugu, Marathi or Gujarati are more prominent. As an example, in September 2011, the Gujarat High Court acted on Public Interest Litigation by the Gujarati Sahitya Parishad for conducting the exams in Gujarati. A second petition was made in October 2011.
AIPMT 2015, 2016 : The banning of scarfs’ controversy
The AIPMT in 2015 had listed scarfs in banned items’ list, creating controversy and outrage especially in the state of Kerala, where in a nun was refused to appear for the test as she refused to remove her headgear. This comes after the Supreme Court upheld the CBSE’s banning. The Kerala HC had permitted two Muslim girls to wear a headscarf and a full-sleeve dress on the condition that they be frisked had the invigilator deemed necessary. However, in the case of Sister Seba, the official had disallowed even while she ready for any frisking.
The AIPMT kept the same norm in its 2016 instructions, sparking protests by the Campus Front of India in front of the CBSE office in Kerala on 13 April. The subsequent protest led to the detention of several girl protesters. Thus CBSE challenged a Kerala High Court single bench order and granted permission to Muslim girls to wear the Hijab for All India Pre-Medical Test 2016 Justice Muhammed Mushtaq had permitted all candidates who want to wear headscarf and full sleeved length dress to appear for the examination but on a condition that they would be present at the hall half an hour before the exam for frisking,if necessary by women invigilators The order was issued while hearing a write petition by one Amnah Binth Basheer for changing the dress code
AIPMT 2015 paper leak
In AIPMT 2015 (3 May 2015), Haryana (Rohtak) police caught four people, including two dentists and an MBBS student, from Rohtak for allegedly passing on answer keys of AIPMT 2015 Exam to candidates during the exam, using vests with SIM card units and Bluetooth enabled earpieces. According to the CBSE, the Examination results were earlier scheduled to be declared on 5 June 2015, but due to Supreme Court’s stay order on declaration, the results were not announced. The Supreme Court had asked Haryana Police to investigate the matter and identify the beneficiaries as soon as possible. Approximately 6.3 lakh students had appeared for the examination which was conducted on 3 May 2015. Later, the results were rescheduled to be declared on June 12, 2015. On 15 June 2015 the Supreme Court asked CBSE to re-conduct the AIPMT 2015 Exam within 4 weeks (by 12 July 2015). After a hearing on the pleas of CBSE, Supreme Court had decided to re-conduct exam on 25 July 2015. The exam was conducted safely and successfully across the country on the scheduled date (25 July 2015). The result of Re-AIPMT was declared on 17 August 2015.